Random Interactions

Aperiodically driven Integrable Systems and their emergent steady states

by Prof. Arnab Sen (Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata)

Wednesday, March 20, 2019 from to (Asia/Kolkata)
at A304
Does a closed quantum many-body system that is continually driven with a time-dependent Hamiltonian finally reach a steady state? This question has only recently been answered for driving protocols that are periodic in time, where the long-time behavior of the local properties synchronizes with the drive and can be described by an appropriate periodic ensemble. Here, we explore the consequences of breaking the time-periodic structure of the drive with additional aperiodic noise in a class of integrable systems. We show that the resulting unitary dynamics leads to new emergent steady states in at least two cases. While any typical realization of random noise causes eventual heating to an infinite-temperature ensemble for all local properties in spite of the system being integrable, noise that is self-similar in time leads to an entirely different steady state (which we dub the “geometric generalized Gibbs ensemble”) that emerges only after an astronomically large time scale. To understand the approach to the steady state, we study the temporal behavior of certain coarse-grained quantities in momentum space that fully determine the reduced density matrix for a subsystem with size much smaller than the total system. Such quantities provide a concise description for any drive protocol in integrable systems that are reducible to a free-fermion representation.

References: Nandy, Sen, Sen, Phys. Rev. X 7, 031034 (2017) and Phys. Rev. B 98, 245144 (2018)