Probing Magnon dynamics and Interactions in ferromagnetic Spin-1 Chain: NiNb2O6
by Mr. Prashant Chauhan (Graduate Student, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, USA)
Monday, November 25, 2019 from to (Asia/Kolkata)
NiNb2O6 is an almost ideal realization of a 1D spin-1 ferromagnetic Heisenberg chain compound with weak unidirectional anisotropy. Using time-domain THz spectroscopy, we measure the low-energy electrodynamic response of NiNb2O6 as a function of temperature and external magnetic field. At low temperatures, we find a magnon-like spin-excitation, which corresponds to the lowest energy excitation at q ∼ 0. At higher temperatures, we unexpectedly observe a temperature-dependent renormalization of the spin-excitation energy, which has a strong dependence on-field direction. Using theoretical arguments, exact diagonalizations and finite temperature dynamical Lanczos calculations, we construct a picture of magnon-magnon interactions that naturally explains the observed renormalization. We show how magnetic field strength and direction may be used to directly tune the sign of the magnon-magnon interaction. This unique scenario is a consequence of the spin-1 nature and has no analogue in the more widely studied spin-1/2 systems.