State of the Universe

Mapping the baryonic Universe: a new window into the cosmos

by Dr. Hamsa Padmanabhan (University of Geneva)

Tuesday, May 16, 2023 from to (Asia/Kolkata)
at A304 and on zoom Meeting ID: 827 0473 4378 Passcode: 311436
The evolution of the baryonic (normal) matter in the Universe is an excellent probe of the formation of cosmic structures and the evolution of galaxies. Over the last decade, considerable effort has gone into investigating the nature of baryonic material,  theoretically and  observationally. The technique of intensity mapping (IM), which measures the integrated emission from sources over a broad range of frequencies, is a promising probe of cosmological baryons. A particular advantage of IM is that it provides a tomographic, or three-dimensional picture of the Universe, unlocking significantly more information than available from traditional galaxy surveys. Astrophysical uncertainties, however, constitute  an important systematic in our attempts to constrain cosmology with IM.  I describe an innovative approach which allows us to fully utilize our current knowledge of astrophysics in order to develop cosmological forecasts from IM.  Extensions of this model pave the way towards a comprehensive understanding of molecular gas evolution, allowing us to interpret results from upcoming surveys.  This opens up the exciting potential of constraining physics beyond the LCDM model from future IM observations.