String Theory Seminars

Higgs Confinement Phase Transition in Gauge Theories with Superfluidity [Lecture 1] (Tata-Infosys Lecture Series)

by Prof. Srimoyee Sen (Iowa State University)

Monday, December 2, 2019 from to (Asia/Kolkata)
at A304
I discuss the conditions under which Higgs and confining regimes in a gauge theory can be sharply distinguished. It is widely believed that these regimes are smoothly connected unless they are distinguished by the realization of global symmetries. However, I show that when a U(1) global symmetry is spontaneously broken in both the confining and Higgs regimes, there is a novel order parameter which can detect certain Higgs-confinement phase transitions. This result is explained in the context of certain tractable gauge theories in three spacetime dimensions. These observations significantly strengthen the case for the necessity of a phase transition between nuclear matter and quark matter in QCD.