Macroscopic manifestation of backaction due to quantum tunnelling of electrons
by Prof. Madhu Thalakulam (IISER Thiruvananthapuram)
Thursday, March 23, 2023 from to (Asia/Kolkata)
The wave-particle duality and quantum uncertainty assert a statistical nature to the dynamics of electrons and photons, manifested as measurement noise in the field of sensitive quantum limited measurements. Besides limiting the accuracy of the measurement, this noise also perturbs the state of the system, called backaction. In this work, we present the effect of quantum noise due to the electron tunnelling process in a quantum point contact(QPC) electrical amplifier onto the macroscopic host crystal. The electrical amplifier consists of a semiconducting QPC galvanically coupled to a superconducting λ/2 transmission-line resonator operating around ~ 2.16 GHz with a conductance sensitivity of ~ 11 pS/ Hz1/2. The electron tunnelling events exert a backaction noise onto the host GaAs crystal, exciting vibrational modes via the piezoelectric effect. This electromechanical coupling induces characteristic peaks on the noise spectrum corresponding to the piezoelectrically active vibrational modes. From the power spectrum analysis, we are able to detect displacements corresponding to these vibrations with a sensitivity ~ pm/Hz1/2. In addition to demonstrating the macroscopic manifestation and microscopic backaction of an ultra-sensitive sensor, this technique allows one to detect mechanical motion with pico-metre level sensitivity at faster timescales.